Why is saffron expensive? – Reasons for the high price of saffron in 2021
You should know that saffron grows in Morocco, Spain, Italy, the Netherlands, Afghanistan, India, and even in the United States, but have you ever thought about why is saffron expensive? Saffron is used on rice, some bread, and to flavor foods. Saffron has some chemical compounds such as picrocrocin, crocin which are very expensive.
For information on the exact price of saffron, you can check the Iranian saffron price Page or you can contact us via WhatsApp or our Contact us page. Also, you can visit our different packaging of saffron on our Buy saffron online page.
They have three main components or compounds that cause the taste, the color of saffron, the smell of saffron. When we talk about the quality of saffron, we are technically talking about these three chemical components.
What is the reason for the high price of saffron?
Iranian saffron with the title of red gold is so expensive. Iran is the largest producer of saffron in the world. The history of saffron cultivation in Iran dates back to more than 3000 years ago. Harvesting saffron requires a lot of physical labor to pick the flowers from the ground and take them to the final packaging. The harvesting process, in addition to the distinctive taste, smell, and color, makes it the most expensive spice in the world. Saffron is used in kitchens around the world as a colorant, spice. It may soon be widely used for medicinal purposes.
The secret of the high price of saffron
Only 453.56 grams of saffron can cost $ 5,000. What is the next expensive spice? Vanilla costs about $ 600. So what is the reason for the high price of saffron? Saffron is a spice that is very difficult to harvest. Each flower has three red stigmas, which is saffron. To harvest 1814.24 grams of saffron, you have to hire a large number of workers.
Finally, to get 453.56 grams of saffron, you have to pick 170,000 flowers by hand. Saffron flower blooms only during a period of 6 weeks from late October to early December. It is also a special time to harvest saffron. When we have higher relative humidity in the air, it can affect the quality of saffron. Sunlight can also break the chemical structure of saffron. Therefore, we prefer to harvest saffron every day. 90% of the world’s saffron is grown in Iran.
The high price of saffron
The greatest effort is made for saffron in Iran, because in order to obtain one kilogram of dry saffron, farmers have to separate 170,000 flower seeds from the stigma for long hours and dry them with great care, despite the great effort of Spain after purchase. Iranian saffron is packaged and exported to other countries at several times the price, which is why it is said that Iran is the largest producer and Spain is the largest exporter of red gold.
It has been proven to be useful in many situations over the centuries. Saffron is often used in cooking. Most people use saffron in their food every day and make food with so much saffron that they can not find a substitute for the taste of saffron. Although many Americans have never eaten saffron, the United States imported 25 tons of these substances in 2013 and 46 tons in 2016.
You should know that saffron has good resistance to cold weather, so with these interpretations, if we cover the state of Vermont with a layer of plastic, you will have the same situation as we have in Iran.
Saffron is usually sold in 5 types. Each type of saffron has specific characteristics and different prices. For example, Negin saffron (saffron used by our company) has the best quality among the types of saffron and also the highest price. On the other hand, corner saffron has the lowest price.
1. Types of saffron-Dasteh (in English Bunch) Saffron
“Dasteh” or “Dokhtar-Pich” is the main strand of Iranian saffron. When the farmer picks the strands of the saffron from the petals, he dries them and puts them together. The top part of these strands is red and the bottom part is orange.
This type of Iranian saffron is graded as the 4th grade and the overall color of this type is between 120 to 150 units. The price of this type of saffron is the lowest. For information on the properties of saffron during pregnancy, you can refer to the article on the Benefits of saffron for pregnant women.
2. Types of saffron-Poushal Saffron
As you can see from the figure above, if the farmer cuts the stigma from the part lower than the red part, it is called Poushal saffron. In this type of saffron, you can see a yellowish strand. This shows that the saffron is genuine and therefore many people trust this type of saffron more (However, if you trust the brand’s name, Sargol and Super Negin are better). This type of saffron has an overall color of between 170 and 250 units.
3. Types of saffron-Sargol Saffron (aka Sarghalam)
If the farmer cuts the top red part of the stigma, it is called Sargol saffron (which means the tip of the flower in Persian). Therefore, this type of saffron is all-red. The overall color of this type of saffron is between 210 to 260 units.
4. Types of saffron-Super Negin Saffron
This saffron is actually a type of Poushal saffron. if the farmer separates the thick strands of red stigma, this type of saffron is produced. Many companies use this type of saffron for export and have the best appearance and color among all types of saffron. Ana qayen also uses this type of saffron for export.
This saffron has an overall color of 230 to 270 units. It is worth mentioning the production of this type of saffron is a bit difficult and time-consuming, yet the stigmas are long and thick which is alluring to the customers.
5. Types of saffron-“Konj” or White Saffron
As you studied earlier, saffron has two parts: sargol (stigma containing three branches) and root (cream). The main part is red and is famous for Sargol (which means the tip of the flower in Persian). The white part attached to the end of the Sargol is called the saffron root or white saffron.
The color of these strands is light yellowish-white. Saffron root is also famous for Konj saffron. Although the color of this part of saffron is very low, there are also saffron compounds in this part. That is why some people use this type of saffron in the treatment of some diseases. White saffron has a good flavor but is much less expensive than other saffron products because of its low color.
Saffron root does not contain Crocin. The main color of saffron is crocin which causes the red stigma of the saffron. However, White Saffron has all the properties of Sargol saffron. But what is the use of white saffron? Saffron has many medical properties that if you can not buy it because of its high price you can use white saffron (cream) for a much lower price. Traditional medicine used the infused properties of the saffron root.
Many famous scientists such as Zakaria Razi, Al-Biruni, and Ibn Sina used saffron to cure diseases. As was mentioned earlier, saffron root does not have the color of Sargol, yet it includes all the properties of saffron that have led to significant results in new research on saffron, including the treatment of jaundice, sexual and liver enhancement, learning disorders, etc.
About Ana Qayen saffron
Many people are looking for a place where they can buy Iranian saffron. We are a supplier of Iranian saffron and if you want to buy saffron in bulk, you have come to the right place. Our saffron is harvested from the city of Qayen in Iran, one of the most famous cities for the quality of saffron. This city is known as the city of saffron in Iran.
To buy saffron in bulk, you may visit our Buy saffron online page. We also have another branch in Lyon, France, which makes it very easy for you to order in Europe. For information on the exact price of saffron, you can contact us through the Contact us page or WhatsApp.
When you want to buy saffron in bulk, you should be sure about the quality of the saffron that you are buying. Our saffron has got a European certificate from SAI CHIMIE lab which is one of the most famous labs in Europe. Also, our saffron is packaged in different and luxurious packages. You can see our different packing below. You can buy saffron in bulk with these packages in our online shop.