In this paper, we we will review ” how to grow saffron “.
You should do the saffron planting in temperate climates. In preparing the land for planting, it is necessary that we pay special attention and accuracy. You can plant saffron from August to October.
How to grow saffron ?
We can plant saffron in several ways. One of them is Armani planting
You can do this method in two ways:
• Normal Strip farming with low density of 3 to 4 tons per hectare
• Armani farming with a density of 8 to 10 tons per hectare
Normal Strip farming
In this method, we dig a hole in the ground by shovel or tractor to a depth of 25 to 30 cm. A few people start picking Crocus at a distance of 8 to 10 cm from each bulb.
Then with a shovel or Tractor, we dig the next groove and transfer the soil of the new groove to the groove in which the saffron bulb is placed. The distance between each groove and the side groove is 30 to 40 cm. The average harvest in this method from the third year is 12. 15 kg per hectare.
This method is exactly the same as Normal Strip farming with a density of 3 to 4 tons per hectare, with the difference that the distance between the bulbs and the side bulbs is 4 to 5 cm.
Besides, the distance between each groove and the side groove is 20 to 30 cm. Saffron bulb density per unit area is 8 to 10 tons per hectare. The average saffron harvest in this method from the third year is 20 to 25 kg per hectare.
Suitable climate for planting and growing saffron
Saffron is a tropical plant that we can grow well in areas with temperate climates, hot, dry, sunny summers and relatively mild autumns and winters.
We should note that this may not be right in all circumstances, as the plant may adapt to the environment. For example in Hamedan, which is one of the coldest cities in Iran, saffron planting have satisfactory results.
Saffron bulb is not active in summer, the period of awakening and activity is from November to May. Consequently, with the onset of the summer season, its leaves turn yellow and dry out, and it falls asleep.
As a result hot and dry lands are a good place that we can plant and grow.
The best type of soil for planting is sandy loam and clay with a small amount of lime
Necessary temperature to grow the saffron
On average, we can plant in areas with a maximum temperature of 35 degrees Celsius. However, you may plant it at 40 degrees at an altitude of 1300 to 2500 meters above sea level.
How to irrigate
After planting saffron bulbs in the field, the field should be irrigated immediately. If the field has been irrigated before planting saffron, irrigation can be done a few days after planting. Saffron is a water-resistant plant. The first autumn irrigation should be done 15 days before the flower stems come out.
If watering is done before October and repeatedly, the leaves will appear first and then the flowers will appear, and in this case, picking the flowers will be difficult. Therefore, the flowers may remain between the leaves and will disappear.
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