There are different types of Saffron in Iran. In the following, a brief description of the types of Iranian saffron is presented.
1. Dasteh (in English Bunch) Saffron
“Dasteh” or “Dokhtar-Pich” is the main strand of Iranian saffron. When the farmer picks the strands of the saffron from the petals, he dries them and puts them together. The top part of these strands is red and the bottom part is orange. This type of Iranian saffron is graded as the 4th grade and the overall color of this type is between 120 to 150 units. The price of this type of saffron is the lowest.
2. Poushal Saffron
As you can see from the figure above, if the farmer cuts the stigma from the part lower than the red part, it is called Poushal saffron. In this type of saffron, you can see a yellowish strand. This shows that the saffron is genuine and therefore many people trust this type of saffron more (However, if you trust the brand’s name, Sargol and Super Negin are better). This type of saffron has the overall color between 170 and 250 units.
3. Sargol Saffron (aka Sarghalam)
If the farmer cuts the top red part of the stigma, it is called Sargol saffron (which means the tip of the flower in Persian). Therefore, this type of saffron is all-red. The overall color of this type of saffron is between 210 to 260 units.
4. Super Negin Saffron
This saffron is actually a type of Poushal saffron. if the farmer separates the thick strands of red stigma, this type of saffron is produced. Many companies use this type of saffron for export and has the best appearance and color among all types of saffron. Ana saffron also uses this type of saffron for export. This saffron has the overall color of 230 to 270 units. It is worth mentioning the production of this type of saffron is a bit difficult and time consuming, yet the stigmas are long and thick that is alluring to the customers.
5. “Konj” or White Saffron
As you studied earlier, saffron has of two parts: sargol (stigma containing three branches) and root (cream). The main part is red and is famous for Sargol (which means the tip of the flower in Persian). The white part attached to the end of Sargol is called the saffron root or white saffron. The color of these strands is light yellowish-white. Saffron root is also famous for Konj saffron. Although the color of this part of saffron is very low, there are also saffron compounds in this part. That is why some people use this type of saffron in the treatment of some diseases.
White saffron has a good flavor but is much less expensive than other saffron products because of its low color. Saffron root does not contain Crocin. The main color of saffron is the crocin which causes the red stigma of the saffron. However, White Saffron has all the properties of Sargol saffron. But what is the use of white saffron?
Saffron has many medical properties that if you can not buy it because of its high price you can use white saffron (cream) for a much lower price. Traditional medicine used the infused properties of saffron root. Many famous scientists such as Zakaria Razi, Al-Biruni and Ibn Sina used saffron to cure diseases. As was mentioned earlier, saffron root does not have the color of Sargol, yet it includes all the properties of saffron that have led to significant results in new research on saffron, including the treatment of jaundice, sexual and liver enhancement, learning disorders etc.
It would be our honor if you’d follow our Instagram page.
You can also visit other papers about saffron on our About saffron page.